In the deal reached with May, the DUP promised to support May`s positions on important policy decisions. In exchange, May`s party renewed its commitment to maintaining the union between Northern Ireland and Britain and provided more than a billion pounds in funding. The conference will take the form of regular and frequent meetings between the British and Irish ministers to promote cooperation between the two governments at all levels. On issues that are not left to Northern Ireland, the Irish Government may present positions and proposals. All decisions of the Conference shall be taken by mutual agreement between the two Governments and the two Governments agree to make determined efforts to resolve disputes between them. In 2004, negotiations were held between the two governments, the DUP and Sinn Féin, with a view to an agreement on institution-building. These talks failed, but a document released by governments detailing changes to the Belfast Agreement has been known as the “Global Agreement”. However, on 26 September 2005, it was announced that the Commissional Irish Republican Army had completely closed and “decommissioned” its weapons arsenal. Yet many trade unionists, especially the DUP, remained skeptical. Of the loyalist paramilitaries, only the Loyalist Volunteer Force (LVF) had taken weapons out of service.  Further negotiations took place in October 2006 and resulted in the St. Andrews Agreement.
During the three debates, the peace process was not central to most Members. While the backstop received 795 mentions in the three debates we analysed, `Good Friday Agreement` and `Belfast Agreement` – two terms that describe the same deal – received only 90. This indicates that the backstop debate was not generally bound by the deal. On 10 April 1998, the so-called Good Friday Agreement (or the Belfast Agreement) was signed. This agreement helped to put an end to a period of conflict in the region, described as unrest. After marathon negotiations, an agreement was finally reached on 10 April 1998. The Good Friday agreement was a complex balancing act that reflected the three-stranded approach. In Northern Ireland, it created a new de décentraliséed assembly for Northern Ireland, requiring that executive power be shared by the parties that represented both communities. In addition, a new North-South Council of Ministers should be created to institutionalise the link between the two parts of Ireland. The Irish Government has also undertaken to amend Articles 2 and 3 of the Constitution of the Republic, which claim Northern Ireland, to reflect the pursuit of Irish unity by purely democratic means, while recognising the diversity of identities and traditions in Ireland. Finally, an Island Council should be established which recognises the “full range of relations” within the British Isles, including representatives of both governments, and the decentralised institutions of Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.
The length of “The Troubles” is traditionally dating back to the late 1960s and is considered by many to have ended with the Belfast Good Friday Agreement of 1998. Since then, however, sporadic violence has continued. The Irish Republican Army (IRA), originally the name of a militia that fought for Irish independence at the beginning of the century, reappeared at that time. From 1972, the Splitter Commissional IRA took over the mantle of armed struggle against British rule. . . .