As a result, the EEA agreement provides for a high level of economic integration, common competition rules, state aid rules and public procurement. “This is an important reason why Norway voted `no` in 1994; We had already concluded a trade agreement with the EU. In thirty years, the main argument of the “yes” vote has been that Norway must join the EU to guarantee market access. The EEA agreement provided for this access to the important EU market. So why should Norway join the EU? Roggen said The great upheavals in Europe and the consequences this would have on EU cooperation in the form of new treaties and on the desire to join a large number of Eastern European countries have helped divert the EU`s attention from negotiations with EFTA countries. As a member state of the European Economic Area, Norway fully applies the whole of the Community acquis, which is relevant to the four freedoms (free movement of goods, people, services and capital), as well as the acquis on accompanying policies (. For example, transport, competition, social policy, consumer protection, the environment, statistics and corporate law). Today, much of Norway`s legislation comes from the EU. It is a democratic challenge because our politicians are not involved in the passage of this legislation. As a result, the Norwegian parliament has become less important – and it may have done so itself – than it did before the EEA,” she says. Politicians from different political parties took the lead in a decisive phase of Norway`s European policy: prime minister Gro Harlem Brundtland of the Labour Party and the president of the centrist party (PES), Anne Enger Lahnstein. Norway`s application for EU membership has been frozen, but it has not been withdrawn.
It could be resumed at any time, in accordance with a new desire for domestic policy, as was the case in the case of Malta. An important problem for Norway is its fisheries resources, which represent a significant part of the national economy and which would fall under the common fisheries policy if Norway joins the EU. Norway has a high GNP per capita and is expected to pay a high premium. The country has limited agriculture and few underdeveloped areas, which means that Norway would receive little economic support from the EU. However, since 2009[update], Norway has opted for many EU projects and, given that its overall financial contribution linked to the EEA agreement consists of contributions related to participation in these projects and part of it is made available for development projects aimed at reducing social and economic disparities in the EU (eee and Norwegian grants)  , its participation is comparable to that of the EU Member States.